In this episode of the Diagnosing Health Care Podcast: The Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization decision, which effectively removed the federal constitutional protections for abortion, triggered a series of changes for health care providers and patients alike across the nation with respect to abortion services.
What additional implications are there for certain aspects of clinical trials and research?
On this episode, Epstein Becker Green attorneys Kate Heffernan, Marylana Helou, and Megan Robertson discuss how the changing state laws and regulations post-Dobbs may impact clinical research in different ways for different stakeholders.
I recommend against relying on any data I provide in today’s post. I hope the data are at least somewhat accurate. But they are not nearly as accurate as they should be, or as they could be, if FDA just released a key bit of information they have been promising to share for years.
One of the ways data scientists can provide insights is by grafting together data from different sources that paint a picture not seen elsewhere. What I want to do is join the clinical trial data at www.clinicaltrials.gov with the data maintained by FDA of approved drugs, called drugs@FDA. But I can’t, at least not with much accuracy.
The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for many years has been trying to increase the participation of minorities in clinical trials to help ensure that regulated products are tested and labeled in an appropriate cross-section of Americans. Clinical evidence has shown that there are significant differences among the races that impact the safety and effectiveness we can expect from a particular drug or device, and consequently FDA has concluded testing and labeling to identify those racial differences are important. The question for today is, how are we doing in achieving racial diversity in clinical trials involving drugs?
On Friday, March 27, 2020, FDA issued an update to previous guidance titled, “FDA Guidance on Conduct of Clinical Trials of Medical Products during the COVID-19 Pandemic” (the “Guidance”), adding an Appendix with ten questions and answers for specific topics based on feedback received on the initial March 18th Guidance. To supplement our prior blog post, we identify some key takeaways from the updated Guidance below:
Prioritize Safety of Clinical Trial Participants
- Ongoing Clinical Trials. Sponsors, investigators, and IRBs should work together to assess whether the participants’ safety is better served by continuing the study as is, discontinuing administration or use of the product, or by ending participation in the trial. The Guidance provides a number of key factors for consideration. FDA also recognizes that there may be an investigational product that is providing benefit to a trial participant, and the sponsor must decide whether to continue administration during the COVID-19 pandemic. This is a context-dependent choice, and sponsors should consider whether there are any reasonable alternative treatments available, the seriousness of the disease or condition, the risks involved in switching treatment, supply chain disruptions, and whether discontinuing administration would pose a substantial risk to the participant.
- New Clinical Trials. With respect to initiating a new clinical trial, other than one to investigate treatments or vaccines related to COVID-19 infection, FDA advises sponsors to consider the ability to effectively mitigate the risks of a trial in order to preserve safety of the participants and trial integrity. Any new trial must also be designed in a way to comply with the Federal and State public health measures implemented in response to COVID-19.
On Wednesday, March 18, 2020, the Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) issued a guidance document titled, “FDA Guidance on Conduct of Clinical Trials of Medical Products during the COVID-19 Pandemic” (the “Guidance”). FDA’s stated purpose in issuing the guidance is to help sponsors to assure the safety of trial participants, maintain compliance with good clinical practice (“GCP”), and minimize risk to the integrity of trials during the ongoing Coronavirus Disease 2019 (“COVID-19”) pandemic.
The Guidance recognizes the impact COVID-19 may have on the conduct of ongoing clinical trials, including quarantines, site closures, travel limitations, interruptions to the supply chain, and other considerations should individuals involved in the studies become infected with COVID-19. FDA acknowledges that these factors may impact a sponsor’s ability to meet protocol-specified procedures, and that protocol modifications may be necessary and deviations unavoidable.
On September 20, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) released draft guidance “Civil Money Penalties Relating to the ClinicalTrials.gov Data Bank” (“Guidance”). The purpose of this Guidance is to explain FDA’s protocol in (1) determining how the centers will identify whether responsible parties failed to comply with submission and certification requirements to the ClinicalTrials.gov or submitted false or misleading documents to the data banks and (2) deciding when, why, and what civil monetary penalties will be assessed against the ...
Last week, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services ("HHS") announced that FDA intends to update its regulations governing clinical studies of new drugs. More specifically, FDA intends to update Parts 312 and 16 of Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations (the "Code" or "CFR"). In its announcement, HHS stated that the revisions will be focused on defining and clarifying "the roles and responsibilities of the various persons engaged in the initiation, conduct, and oversight of clinical investigations subject to [investigational new drug] requirements." The ...
On May 17, 2016, FDA issued Draft Guidance for Industry on Use of Electronic Health Record Data in Clinical Investigations ("Draft Guidance"). This Draft Guidance builds on prior FDA guidance on Computerized Systems Used in Clinical Investigations and Electronic Source Data in Clinical Investigations, and provides information on FDA's expectations for the use of Electronic Health Record ("EHR") data to clinical investigators, research institutions and sponsors of clinical research on drugs, biologics, medical devices and combination products conducted under an ...
FDA has recently partnered with PatientsLikeMe, an online patient networking forum, to leverage patient-reported information to bolster its drug safety monitoring efforts. PatientsLikeMe, with its 350,000 members representing over 2,500 health conditions, has collected more than 110,000 adverse event reports on 1,000 different drugs. This partnership, which is in the form of a research collaboration agreement, will provide FDA with access to "real-world" data about patients' drug and disease experiences (the information provided to FDA is anonymous; so it does not ...
One of the most discussed aspects of healthcare has to be how to balance cost, quality and access. This is especially true when it comes to the pharmaceutical industry, particularly with the rapid growth of and increased focus on highly effective, but highly expensive, specialty drugs. Discussions about these costs are no longer isolated to negotiations between pharmaceutical companies, PBMs and insurers; instead it appears that price and cost are on FDA's radar.
For example, the Oncologic Drugs Advisory Committee ("ODAC") hearing, earlier this month, was not only historic ...
Last week, FDA launched Drug Trials Snapshot, a pilot program intended to provide consumers with information about the sex, age, race and ethnicity of clinical participants for six drugs approved in May and June 2014. This pilot is intended to solicit feedback on the content, format and usefulness of the information provided in advance of an expansion of the program to include all new molecular entities subject to an approved NDA beginning in 2015.
The Drug Trials Snapshot website was developed by FDA in response to the requirements in Section 907 of FDASIA that FDA: 1) report to ...
Earlier this week the Department of Health and Human Services ("HHS") published its long awaited notice of proposed rulemaking regarding the registration of clinical trials. The most significant change that would result from implementation of the proposed rule, and the one getting the most press, is the new requirement that results data be submitted for all applicable clinical trials, even those evaluating unapproved drugs and devices. Although we agree that this new requirement is likely to have significant ramifications for drug, biologic and device manufacturers, here are ...
About a month ago, I had the opportunity to participate at the Inaugural Advances in Clinical Technology conference in London. The conference covered a broad array of topics relating to how technology can and is changing how clinical trials are conducted. Here are the top three things that I took away from the conference.
1. The upsides of the e-patient far outweigh the downsides
Earlier this year, the Wall Street Journal published an article highlighting one of the biggest downsides of the e-patient, their use of electronic communication tools to learn more about their condition ...
On July 15, 2014, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration ("FDA") released draft guidance that provides extensive commentary on FDA's current thinking regarding the clinical trial informed consent process. Once finalized, this document, entitled "Informed Consent Information Sheet: Guidance for IRBs, Clinical Investigators, and Sponsors" ("Draft Guidance"), will replace FDA's 1998 informed consent guidance, "A Guide to Informed Consent."
Although the Draft Guidance is largely consistent with current practices a number of FDA's recommendations signal the modification ...
On April 2, the European Parliament voted overwhelmingly to repeal the current EU Directive on clinical trials of medicinal products for human use and replace it with a new Regulation. The primary goals of the new Regulation are to:
- Streamline the approval process for studies conducted across multiple Member states;
- Harmonize the regulation of clinical trials throughout the Member states; and
- Increase transparency of Clinical Trial results.
It was the European Parliament's hope that accomplishing the first two goals would increase the number of clinical ...
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